Inhabitants: approx. 10 million

capital: Mogadischu

1 Euro = 32000 Somali shillings

language: somali and arabic

Society and culture

Most Somalis are traditionally shepherds and nomadic people who travel with their animals - mainly camels, depending on terrain and region but also sheep and goats or cattle - through the lowlands of the Horn of Africa in search of pastures and waterholes for their animals. In southwestern Somalia, the sedentary Somali clans of the Rahaweyn, Bantus, husbandry and livestock hold there. Now, many Somali people have settled in towns and villages. However, a large part still lives as nomads or semi-nomads. The Somali are exclusively Muslims, mainly Sunnis of the Shafi law school. They were among the first peoples in Africa to accept Islam. By the end of the first millennium, parts of them had been converted, mainly to coastal trading cities such as Azaeila, Mogadisho, Barbara and the surrounding areas.Somali women often wear a cotton dress (Guntiino) and a cloth (garbasaar) covering their hair; Face veils are traditionally not common, but have been worn more often since the 1980s, especially in cities. The circumcision of boys is just as common as the circumcision for girls, which is usually performed in the most invasive form of infibulation. Fortunately, in Somalia itself, as abroad, the girl circumcision is fiercely fought. Girl circumcision is a tradition and is not required in the Koran.

Geographical location

Somalia lies on the east coast of Africa and forms the Horn of Africa, forming a strategically important location. A trade route of global importance leads along the Somali coast towards Bab al Mandeb, Yemen, Djibouti, Eritrea and through the Red Sea to the Suez Canal. Somalia is a link between Africa and Arabia.

Sociocultural Facts

The average life expectancy of women is 52.8 years, for men is it 49.6 years. This figure is based on a lower life expectancy due to a lack of health care and a very high infant mortality rate.43% live in extreme poverty, around 150,000 children suffer from acute malnutrition, and 450,000 people under the age of 5 are malnourished. School education costs $ 10 per child, per month, average income $ 70 per month. 75% are illiterate. Due to civil war and drought periods, there are always interruptions in the offer of school education. Natural resources and raw materials; Oil and gas, iron ore, gypsum, sulphate, titanium ore, uranium, bauxite and other untapped minerals.


Dromedary, fish, bananas, goats, cattle, sheep, cereals, coconuts, sugarcane, beans. The four main agricultural commodities are dromedary, fish, frankincense and bananas.


A few light industries, including refining of sugar, textiles, fish industry, petroleum processing. Most factories were looted and closed.

Economic data Somalia

Currency: Somali shilling (SOS) Economic sectors: agriculture 65%, industry 10%, services 25% GDP:$ 400 per capita estimated public debt, about $ 3 billion. An estimated 71% of the population has no access to fresh drinking water. 6.2 million people, 2/3 of the population is currently (2017) threatened with starvation. Foreign trade: export goods bananas, livestock, fish, metal. Exporting Countries UAE 56.8%, Yemen 21.2%, Saudi Arabia 3.7%. Imports Machinery, Industrial Goods, Food, Petroleum Products, Construction Material, Pharmaceutical Drug Cat. Import Countries Djibouti 30.3%, India 7.7%, Kenya 7, 9%, Oman 5.8%. UAE 5.7%, Yemen 4.9%